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Showing posts with label D-Day. Show all posts
Showing posts with label D-Day. Show all posts

Sunday, June 07, 2009

D-Day 6/06/44 Normandy, Robert Warner 507th PIR 82nd Airborne fought with his buddies a SS Nazi Regiment at Graignes France, the "Secret Massacre".

D-Day, 6/06/44, Normandy, Robert Warner 3rd Battalion 507 Parachute Infantry Regiment Company G, 82nd Airborne (click image above to enlarge), fought with his buddies against a SS Nazi Regiment at Graignes France, site of the "Secret Massacre". WWII Researcher Brian Siddall of Ithaca, N.Y supplied additional information concerning my father Robert Warner a 82nd Airborne paratrooper from Binghamton NY of the 507th PIR on D-day in Graignes France and the ensuing massacre just today 6/07/2009. 

On D-Day, 6/06/1944, the 507th PIR of the 82 Airborne expected to parachute around the La Fiere bridges west of Ste Mere Eglise and hold them against an expected German counterattack. Paratrooper Robert Warner from Binghamton NY was one of the 82nd Airborne paratroopers on this day with his machine gun and 81 mm mortar platoon. See Youtube video, D-Day: The Secret Massacre, click here.
In reality, about 200 men, Robert Warner of the 82nd Airborne included, were dropped over 20 miles from their target, in the flooded marshlands around the towns of Graignes and Tribehou, which are south and southwest of Carentan, respectively theirs was the worst misdrop of any airborne unit on June 6, 1944. While pretty close from a walking distance perspective (maybe 10 miles), the towns were in the flooded zone that was created by the Germans opening the locks and flooding the fields in the lower Cotentin area. Moving to Carentan across the roads would have been risky because of the presence of German soldiers, and crossing the flooded area was very difficult.

In fact, many of the paratroopers who landed in the flooded zones never made it out of their harnesses and drowned. In addition, many of the equipment bundles of the soldiers ended up in the water as well. So, about 175 to 200 men landed in the Graignes and Tribehou areas and made their way among the terrified citizens. Some of these townspeople knew that Graignes was under observation by the Germans, including several units just to the south, and they worried that if they were seen helping the Americans, that they would be killed. Despite their fear, many of the citizens helped the Americans find each other and also even helped the Americans find their sunken equipment bundles. Many of the citizens actually helped hide American soldiers from German patrols, which would have resulted in immediate execution if found. Once organized, the Americans, numbering about 175-200 realized how badly off target their drop was. Realizing too that their position was not ideal for joining the fight near Ste Mere Eglise, they determined to hold in Graignes and wait for a relief column from Carentan -- assuming the invasion was successful.

The Americans held fast for several days when, finally, on about June 11th, the situation deteriorated rapidly. The Germans began probing the area around Graignes and their small units were decimated by accurate rifle, machine gun and 81 mm mortar fire from the Americans, who were dug in around Graignes. This small action ultimately lead to intense combat with the Germans sending at least one full regiment of 17th SS Panzergrenadier Division troops against this undermanned company-sized group. Some estimates of German strength are between 2,000 and as high as 5,000. The Americans dealt staggering blows, repelling the Germans multiple times with machine gun and sniper fire from the church steeple and 81 mm mortar fire. The SS troops exhibited poor discipline, charging multiple times only to be cut down by the Americans. Eventually, the Germans brought up two 88s and scored direct hits on the church, killing at least one spotter who refused to leave despite seeing the 88s (this is a scene right out of the movie "Saving Private Ryan").

With the steeple gone, the Germans attacked in strength, pushing back many of the American paratroopers, most of whom were wounded and low on ammo and food. Eventually, realizing they could hold out no longer, the Americans retreated towards the marshes, leaving many of their wounded in the church, where they were being tended by the priest and their own medics. In one of the most infamous and barbarian acts of Nazi cruelty, the SS Nazi's, upon entering the town with members of the Gestapo, executed the civilians and the priest, and killed many of the wounded where they lay. When the 17th SS attacked, it was with a regimental sized force of approximately 2,000. The odds were literally ten to one in the Germans’ favor. Despite those odds though, the 182 paratroopers defending Graignes inflicted an estimated five hundred killed and seven hundred wounded on the Germans during the course of the fighting on the 10th and 11th of June. The stubborn and determined American defense that gave the 17th SS Panzergrenadier such high losses brought on a vicious and brutal reprisal. At the end of the June 11th battle, the 17th SS Nazi's stormed the church and found a aid station set up by Capt. Sophian. They promptly forced the Captain and all of the wounded outside where they were made to line-up against a wall. The men were then divided into two groups and marched away from the church. One group (nine troopers) was marched off to the south and the other group (five troopers) was marched down to the edge of a shallow pond behind Madame Boursier’s cafĂ©.

At the edge of the pond, the SS bayoneted the wounded men and threw them into the water one on top of the other. The other group of 507th paratroopers was forced to march four kilometers to the south to a field near the village of Le Mesnil Angot. There, the nine wounded men were forced to dig a pit. As soon as the pit was complete, the SS shot each one of them in the back of the head and dumped their bodies in the pit one on top of the other (those SS "Bastards"). The Germans killed other townspeople and then went on to destroy nearly every building around the Graignes church. Sadly, the murder of the paratroopers was only the beginning of the atrocity at Graignes. While one group of the Germans led the Americans off to execution, other Germans began systematically rounding-up French civilians suspected of assisting them.

At about the same time, a group of SS Nazi men proceeded to the church rectory seeking revenge. They knew that the church’s belfry had been used throughout the battle as an observation point. They knew that the accurate and devastating mortar fire (Robert Warner) that had been controlled by the observers in that belfry had killed and wounded hundreds of their comrades. Consequently, the SS sought to make an example out of the people at the Catholic church whose interaction with the Americans had permitted those casualties to happen. The Germans burst into the rectory, dragged Father Leblastier and Father Lebarbanchon into the courtyard and shot them both to death. The Germans then discovered Madeleine Pezeril and eighty-year-old Eugenie DuJardin. Overwhelmed with fear, the two ladies had been cowering in their quarters ever since the beginning of the final assault. The Germans shot and killed both women in their beds.

Meanwhile, a total of forty-four villagers had been rounded up and were under interrogation by the Germans as suspected collaborators. They were threatened with execution if they did not turn in the names of any and all villagers who had actively assisted the Americans, but not a single one of them turned in a single name. In fact, none of them revealed the prominent role that Alphonse Voydie had played in the Graignes drama. Had the Germans known that Voydie had been the catalyst of organization that he was, they would surely have executed him too. Knowing what was happening in town made the next act even more remarkable. A group of at least 20 Americans hid in a barn for about 2-3 days while German patrols went through the area. The farm owners organized a secret system of feeding the men and kept them alive and hidden at the risk of certain death. Eventually, a small group of survivors was secreted across the swamp by some of the young men from the town, where the Americans entered into the liberated town of Carentan.

Over 300 men from the 507th were killed or wounded in the early action in Normandymetery by the church. Robert Warner 82nd Airborne was my father, he never spoke of the Graignes France Massacre, he was injured later in action in the European campaign and received a Purple heart see;BAND OF WARNER BROTHERS AT D-DAY INVASION OF NORMANDY JUNE 6TH 1944, the 65th Anniversary was Saturday.Purple Heart RecipientName:
Robert Warner
Hometown: Binghamton, New York
Branch of Service: Army
Conflict: World War II 1941-1945
Date Wounded in Action: 03/24/1946

Bill Warner
private investigator
Sarasota Fl