Photo above, Mauritania communal toilet in the street. Mauritania is one of the poorest countries in the world with terrible sanitation problems a virtual 3rd world toilet bowl. In Mauritania, life expectancy is less than 60 years. Twenty years of drought have caused a profound demographic transformation in this country, which is 90% desert.
Photo above Nouakchott Mauritania communal toilet on R.
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) the Mauritania nomadic population has rapidly declined, with people settling in rural areas and in shantytowns in cities where access to clean water and sanitation is scarce. Water is often supplied via plastic containers carried by donkeys in Mauritania. In markets, the carcasses of goats attract swarms of flies while failing sewage systems often contaminate the groundwater supply.
According to West Point's Combating Terrorism Center, AQIM's objectives include ridding North Africa of Western influence; overthrowing governments deemed apostate, including those of Algeria, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, and Tunisia; and installing fundamentalist regimes based on sharia. Analysts say AQIM's ideology blends global Salafi-jihadist dogma with regionally resonant elements, including references to the early Islamic conquest of the Maghreb and the Iberian Peninsula. A successful Algerian counterterrorism campaign forced AQIM from its operational base near the Mediterranean to the Sahel region that includes Niger, Mauritania, and Mali, where the group has established footholds. AQIM's members also joined the ranks of the insurgency in Iraq during the 2003–2011 war with the United States.
Algerian-born Abdelmalek Droukdel has led the group since 2004. Also known as Abou Mossab Abdelwadoud, he is a trained engineer and explosives expert. AQIM declared France its primary target under Droukdel's leadership. He was sentenced to death, in absentia, along with twenty-four other alleged terrorists, by an Algerian court in February 2015.
AQIM's tactics include guerilla-style raids, assassinations, and suicide bombings of military, government, and civilian targets. Its members have frequently kidnapped, and sometimes executed, aid workers, tourists, diplomats, and employees of multinational corporations. The group raises money through kidnapping for ransom (KFR) and trafficking arms, vehicles, cigarettes, and persons, according to the U.S. State Department.
Travel to Mauritania by Westerners (USA-UK-Australia etc) are warned to exercise extreme caution because of activities by terrorist groups in the region, including al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM). The U.S. Embassy in Nouakchott recommends against all non- essential travel.AQIM and terrorists believed to be affiliated with AQIM have been operating in Mauritania since at least 2005. Actions include kidnapping and murder of Western tourists, aid workers, and Mauritanian soldiers, as well as attacks on foreign diplomatic missions in Mauritania. This culminated in the June 2009 attempted kidnapping and murder of a private U.S. citizen in the capital city of Nouakchott.
Travel by U.S. Embassy staff members outside of Nouakchott requires advance approval from the U.S. Embassy's security office. Travel by U.S. Embassy staff is subject to cancellation at any time. Travel to the eastern half of Mauritania occurs only with Mauritanian government escorts.
Bill Warner Private Investigator Sarasota SEX, CRIME CHEATERS & TERRORISM at www.wbipi.com